Our vision is to restore the degraded ecosystem and drive environmental, economic and social sustainability in the South Gobi cashmere sector
Mongolia’s move to democracy in 1992, coupled with the privatisation of the livestock system and a world-wide growth in the demand for cashmere, has driven a rapid and large increase in goat numbers within the country.
In the past 20 years the number of goats in Mongolia has increased fourfold, driven by mass market demand as the fibre has become more accessible to a growing middle class. To put this in perspective, prior to 1992 there were about 25 million head of livestock in Mongolia, in 2017 there were 66.2 million, of which 27.3 million were goats.
This democratisation of demand for cashmere, coupled with unregulated pasture management has led to the deterioration in pasture quality over the years.
As a result the degraded pasture threatens the long term existence of Mongolia’s iconic rangeland fauna as well as endangering the cashmere trade—and with it, the nomadic way of life.
The native wildlife includes the near mythical snow leopard, khulan, gazelle, ibex and argali as well as numerous species of small mammals, birds and reptiles.